Sexual Maturity in Adolescents Suffering from Sickle Cell Disease: A Cross-sectional Study SC01-SC04
Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Surat, India, Surat, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited chronic haemolytic anaemia. The diseased person suffers from various complications such as anaemia, frequent infection, fever, hand-foot syndrome, stroke, etc. Puberty changes includes the appearance of the secondary sexual characteristics, increase in height, change in body composition and development of reproductive capacity.
Aim: To study the sexual maturity and effect of multiple blood transfusions in adolescents suffering from SCD.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on 35 adolescents of age group 11 to 15 years, suffering from SCD. Study was conducted over a period of six months from March 2018 to September 2018 at Department of Paediatrics. SCD was diagnosed by Haemoglobin (Hb) electrophoresis. Weight and height were measured of all the participants. For assessing the sexual maturity, Tanners staging was used. Unpaired t-test was done for data analysis.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 13.03±1.7 years. There were 25 males and 10 females. The mean age of male patients between Tanner stage 2(14.63±0.52 years) and Tanner stage 3 (14.75±0.5 years) was significantly higher than the Indian data for males (11.3 and 12.8 years, respectively). The mean age of female patients between Tanner stages 2 (13.5±2.12 years) and Tanner stage 3 (14.33±1.16 years) was higher than the Indian reference data for girls (10.2 and 11.6 years respectively).
Conclusion: This study concluded that adolescents with SCD were significantly shorter in height and weight than the standard reference population. Sexual maturity is delayed in adolescents with sickle cell anaemia.