Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis without Hypertension in a Patient with Concealed Skin Lesions OD01-OD03
Dr. Swarna Krishnamoorthy,
Postgraduate Resident, Department of General Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Institute
of Higher Education and Research, No.1, Ramachandra Nagar, Porur, Chennai600116, Tamil Nadu, India.
Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis (PSGN) is an acute inflammation of renal glomerular parenchyma and is sequelae of pharyngitis or skin infection caused by nephritogenic strains of group A beta-Haemolytic Streptococcus. PSGN is conventionally diagnosed based upon clinical findings and demonstration of recent streptococcal infection by a positive skin/throat culture or serologic tests. Hereby, authors present a case of PSGN in an 18-year-old normotensive male is reported who presented with anasarca. On evaluation, the patient had subnephrotic range proteinuria without haematuria and normal serum creatinine. Concealed healing skin lesions in the gluteal region, suggestive of impetigo were noted and hence, arrived at the diagnosis of PSGN. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics, following which symptoms improved. Young patients with acute presentation of oedema or proteinuria with possible renal cause warrants thorough head to foot examination for unseen skin lesions in otherwise overlooked areas. PSGN responds promptly with early antibiotic therapy.