Perception of Students and Faculties towards Implementation of Concept Mapping in Pharmacology: A Cross-sectional Interventional Study FC08-FC13
Dr. Sarmila Nath,
R G Kar Medical College, Kolkata-700004, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Medical Council of India (MCI) in the current competency based on the undergraduate curriculum for the Indian medical graduate has focussed on the development of critical thinking, reasoning and communicating abilities of the undergraduate students. This would enable them to apply their knowledge effectively and provide better patient care. In this context, concept mapping has proved to be a simple yet powerful tool.
Aim: To assess the feasibility of implementing concept mapping module and perception of the students and faculty about use of concept mapping as complementary teaching aid in pharmacology using peer validated questionnaires and Focus Group Discussion (FGD).
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional interventional study was conducted in the Department of Pharmacology of a tertiary hospital in Eastern India. Study duration was six months, from September 2019 to February 2020. After obtaining permission from Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC), 64 consenting students of 2nd professional MBBS, Dean of student affairs, Medical Education Unit (MEU) Co-ordinator and 10 faculties of the Department of Pharmacology were sensitised about the concept mapping. A module for implementation and assessment rubric was decided. Participating students were randomly divided into eight groups (Group A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H), each group comprising eight students. Each group had to prepare one concept map on an allotted topic from General Pharmacology. They had to submit the maps within seven days. Students could use pen and paper or they could utilise computer software to prepare the maps. After submission, faculties other than the researcher assessed and gave feedback to the students. After one month, the second set of assignments was allotted on topics from autonomic nervous system. As before, submission had to be done in seven days. This set was also assessed and feedback given. At the end of second submission, perception of the students and faculties about implementation of the module was assessed through peer validated open as well as closed ended questionnaires. A FGD was also held among participating faculties. Open ended questions were analysed using verbatim and closed ended questions were analysed as percentage using Microsoft Excel. FGD was analysed using content analysis method.
Results: Among the 64 participating students, 63 (98.43%) preferred concept mapping as complementary teaching tool in addition to traditional tutorial format and 62 (96.9%) students enjoyed making the concept maps. On analysis of students’ feedback, 56 (87.5%) students opined that this module could be included in Pharmacology curriculum. Out of 12 faculties, 7 (58.33%) graded feasibility of the module as 4 out of a maximum of 5.
Conclusion: This study concludes that with proper selection of topics, concept mapping may be included as complementary teaching learning tool in Pharmacology curriculum for undergraduate students.