Syncephalastrum racemosum as a Rare Agent of Rhino-orbital Mucormycosis: A Case Report and Review DD04-DD06
Dr. Neelam Gulati,
Room No. 246, Block E, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
Fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses is an increasingly recognised entity both in immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. Aspergillus species are the most common aetiologic agents of this disease. Zygomycete agents are the common culprits in the immunocompromised group. The most common agent causing human disease is Rhizopus species followed by Rhizomucor spp. The important risk factors are uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and immunsupression. Here, a rare case of pansinusitis with Syncephalastrum racemosum was reported in a 13-year-old male child with aplastic anaemia. Syncephalastrum racemosum has been debated for its role in human diseases and very few reports are documented. To the best of our knowledge this was the third report of rhino-orbital infection caused by this fungus. Syncephalastrum racemosum should be considered as one of the aetiologic agents of rhino-orbital infections especially in the immunocompromised group.