Relationship between Anthropometrics Characteristics and Dynamic Balance in Children of Anand City, Gujarat YC01-YC04
Dr. Jigar N. Mehta,
D2-13, Staff Quater, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Anand-388325, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Paediatric physical therapists use a variety of functional balance screening tools developed for adults including the Functional Reach Test (FRT), the Time Up and Go test (TUG), and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS).
Aim: To assess the relationships among age, gender, anthropometrics and dynamic balance in 5 to 12 years of children in Anand city, Gujarat, India.
Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in which 150 school going children of 5-12 (75-females, 75-males) years were recruited from the school of the Anand city, Gujarat, India. Height, weight, arm and foot length were measured. Dynamic balance was assessed using TUG, FRT, Paediatric Balance Scale (PBS).
Results: Positive relationship (r=0.58 and r=0.77) were found between increasing age and FRT and PBS scores. A negative relationship (r=-0.46) was observed between age of males and TUG test. Significant gender by age group difference was observed in FRT. Arm length and height has the strongest influence on FRT. Age, height, foot length and arm length has the strongest influence on PBS.
Conclusion: Age and arm length have the strongest relationship with the dynamic balance (FRT, PBS). It helps the paediatric therapists in selecting dynamic balance test according to the age.