International Depository Authority and its Role in Microorganism’s Deposition DE01-DE06
Dr. Abhishek Parashar,
House no-832, Sector 1c, Bokaro Steel City-827001, Jharkhand, India.
After the World Trade Organization’s agreement on Trade Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Right, patents have come into major play. Patenting of work related to live organisms that have medical, agricultural and other uses is always a tedious, complicated and controversial job. In view of this an agreement called as Budapest Treaty was passed in 1977 for deposition of microorganisms in culture collection centers for patent purpose. To make a culture collection center an IDA the culture center has to follow rules and regulations made in Budapest Treaty. Today several culture collection centers are working as International Depository Authority (IDA) in India and abroad that are storing microorganisms for patent purpose. India has two IDA units; one is Microbial Culture Collection in National Centre for Cell Science Pune, India, and second one is Microbial Type Culture Collection and Gene Bank at Institute of Microbial Technology Chandigarh, India. IDA unites are important for valuable sample depositions, supply of cultures, characterization of samples and conservation of biological materials.