To Evaluate the Effectiveness of TBTS – A Novel Device to do Self-Stretching of Gastro-Soleus Muscle in Patients with Equinus Deformity YC01-YC04
Dr. Tufail Muzaffar,
Senior Resident, Department of PMR, SKIMS Soura, Srinagar-190011, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Introduction: Various methods have been used for management of equinus deformity. However, stretching gastroc-soleus muscle and achilles tendon is a difficult task. It is labour intensive, which makes the provision of treatment difficult for many patients.
Aim: To study the effectiveness of Tension Bar Tendon Stretch (TBTS) compared to conventional stretching in patients with equinus deformity in terms of improvement in equinus angle and spasticity.
Materials and Methods: A prospective randomised case control study was done on 16 patients of both the sexes in the age group four years to 56 years. Patients were stratified based on presence or absence of spasticity. Patients were further randomly allotted to the study or control group. Study group received stretching with TBTS in addition to the conventional rehabilitation programme. Patients were assessed in terms of improvement in equinus deformity and spasticity (modified Ashworth scale). These indices were measured at 0 month (pre-treatment), 1 month (post-treatment), and 6 months (follow up).
Results: Equinus deformity in patients with spastic equinus changed from 22.4° to 12° in study group while in control group change was from 21° to 17°. The difference was statistically significant with p-value of 0.001. Non-spastic (post accidental) changed from 30° to 15° in study group while in control group change was from 31° to 23° with p-value of 0.001. Modified Ashworth Score (MAS) was assessed only in spastic equinus, while in study group MAS changed from 2.8 to 1.5 and MAS change was 2.6 to 2 in control group; this difference after six months of therapy was statistically significant with a p-value of 0.001.
Conclusion: TBTS can be an effective tool in rehabilitation of patients having equinus deformity; it provides an effective and patient controlled stretching and no need for a physical therapist. TBTS is a novel but simple instrument that can be made locally by the patient or the family.