Awareness of Dental Trauma Management among School Teachers of Kannur, Kerala, India ZC08-ZC12
Dr. Divya Chandukutty,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Pedodontics, Kannur Dental College, Anjarakandy, Kannur-670611, Kerala, India.
Introduction: Dental trauma can overtake dental caries and periodontal disease as the most significant threat to dental health among young people. The prognosis of traumatized teeth depends on prompt and appropriate treatment. The role of school teachers in the prevention of traumatic dental injuries is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in recent years. However, studies conducted in different regions of the world have demonstrated that teachers and other lay peopleâ€™s knowledge about traumatic dental injuries is inadequate and their behavior does not contribute to reduce the sequelae.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of school teachers about dental trauma and its management in Kannur district.
Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted under the Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry; Kannur Dental College among 303 school teachers randomly selected from 16 schools. Four schools were selected from 16 schools using stratified cluster sampling technique. A cross sectional study design was used. A stratified cluster sampling method was done to select the study subjects. The nature and purpose of the study was first explained to the teachers in local language. Following this the printed questionnaire was distributed to school teachers. The questionnaire was prepared based on the needs of the study after referring similar questionnaires used in studies conducted in different parts of the world.
Results: A statistically significant association was found between the teacherâ€™s knowledge regarding trauma and their teaching experience. Out of the total school teachers who participated in the study, 90.1% responded correctly that the teeth most frequently affected by traumatic accidents are the upper front teeth. Nearly 23.4% responded correctly regarding management of traumatic tooth fracture. Almost 46.5% had correct knowledge regarding the reimplantation of avulsed permanent teeth. Only 14.2% responded correctly to the proper storage medium for avulsed teeth.
Conclusion: It was concluded from the study that among the school teachers surveyed there was significantly very low knowledge of emergency management of dental trauma.