Explanatory Models and Medication Adherence in Patients with Depression in South India VC01-VC04
Dr. Dushad Ram,
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, JSS Hospital, MG Road Mysore-570004, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Conceptualization of depression may have bearing on treatment seeking. It may affect adherence behaviour of the patients.
Aim: To find out the explanatory models and their relationship with socio-demographic variables and medication adherence in patients with depression.
Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with depression in remission were recruited as per selection criteria. Socio-demographic details were collected. Patients were assessed using Mental Distress Explanatory Model Questionnaire (MDEMQ) and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS).
Results: Significant scores were observed in all dimensions of explanatory models. In the Mann-Whitney U test the patient’s marital status (MU=113.500, p=0.05, sig=0.05, 2-tailed), and family history of mental illness (MU=165.5, p=0.03, sig=0.05, 2-tailed) had a statistically significant group difference in the score of MDEMQ. In linear regression analysis, four predictors (MDEMQ subscales Stress, Western physiology, Non-Western physiology and Supernatural) had significantly predicted the value of MMAS (R2=0.937, f=153.558, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggested that patients with depression harbor multidimensional explanatory model. The levels of explanatory models are inversely associated with levels of medication adherence.