Left Pulmonary Agenesis with Right Lung Bronchiectasis in an Adult OD15-OD17
Dr. Prabhat Kumar,
Senior Resident, Department of Medicine, OPD Block, PGIMER and Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi-110001, India.
Pulmonary agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by the absence of pulmonary parenchyma and vasculature. Bilateral pulmonary agenesis is incompatible with extrauterine life. Unilateral agenesis is often associated with other congenital cardiovascular, genitourinary and gastrointestinal malformations. Right lung agenesis is more frequently associated with congenital anomalies and has poor prognosis as compared to left lung agenesis. Diagnosis is often made in childhood but can be delayed, if the clinician is not aware about this entity. Chest radiograph in unilateral lung agenesis shows opaque hemithorax and these patients are often confused with other common causes of opaque hemithorax like collapse, pleural effusion and diaphragmatic hernia. We report a case of left lung agenesis with right lung bronchiectasis in a middle-aged adult who was treated for as tuberculous pleural effusion and was referred to our institute for persistent symptoms despite treatment.