Comparison of 0.25% Ropivacaine for Intraperitoneal Instillation v/s Rectus Sheath Block for Postoperative Pain Relief Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Study UC10-UC15
Dr. Monika Gupta,
11/930, Chopasni housing board, Jodhpur-342008, Rajasthan, India.
Introduction: As Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) is not a totally pain free procedure, with the pain being most intense on the day of surgery and on the following day. Various techniques are available for postoperative pain relief like intraperitoneal instillation of local anaesthetics and rectus sheath block (RSB)which may provide effective pain relief.
Aim: To compare the efficacy of preemptive administration (initiated before the surgical procedure) of intraperitoneal instillation and rectus sheath block using ropivacaine for postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Materials and Methods: A total of 75 selected patients were randomly assigned to three equal groups as Group R, who received bilateral RSB with 0.25 % ropivacaine 15 ml on either side; Group I, who received intraperitoneal instillation of 0.25% ropivacaine 50 ml and Group C (Control group), who received only rescue analgesic on pain. These were compared regarding postoperative analgesia in terms of Visual Analog Scale (0-10 cm), Prince Henry Hospital Pain Score (0-3), time to first dose of rescue analgesic (tramadol), total rescue analgesic consumption in 48 hours, patient satisfaction scores (1-7) and adverse effects.
Results: The time to first rescue analgesic was significantly longer in Group R (16.16Â±4.73h) and Group I (7.84Â±1.34h) as compared to Group C (1.72Â±0.67h), p<0.001. Mean tramadol consumption in 48h for each patient was significantly less in Group R (148Â±54.92mg) and Group I (202Â±33.78mg) as compared to Group C (298Â±22.73mg) p<0.001. Postoperative pain scores were also significantly less in Group R and Group I as compared to Group C during first 6 hours, p<0.05. The difference in above parameters was also significant between Group R and Group I, p<0.05. Thus order of postoperative analgesia effect was: Group R > Group I > Group C. Rescue analgesic requirement showed a 32.21% reduction in Group I and 50.33% reduction in Group R as compared to Group C. Patient Satisfaction Scores (PSS) showed a significant difference among groups with acceptable PSS scores as: Group R (92%) v/s Group I (40%) v/s Group C (20%) p<0.001.
Conclusion: Pre-emptive administration of rectus sheath block or intraperitoneal instillation of 0.25% ropivacaine was found effective in providing better postoperative analgesia as compared to control group after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Among these two techniques, rectus sheath block was found to be superior over intraperitoneal instillation.