Delayed Open Reduction and K-Wire Fixation of Widely Displaced Supracondylar Fractures of Humerus in Children using Medial Approach RC06-RC10
Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee,
Room No.109, Gentsâ€™ Hostel 5, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences Campus, Lamphelpat,
Imphal West-795004, Manipur, India.
Introduction: Supracondylar fractures of humerus in children are usually treated with percutaneous pinning on emergency basis. When the operating time is delayed, percutaneous pinning is difficult due to massive swelling. Late presentation is common in developing countries.
Aim: To assess the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation with K-wire of widely displaced supracondylar fracture when operated later than 2 days after the injury.
Materials and Methods: A total of 52 children (aged 3-12 years) with widely displaced supracondylar fracture of humerus (Gartland type-III) who presented later than 2 days after injury were treated with open reduction through medial approach and fixation with cross K-wires. Results were assessed with Flynnâ€™s criteria.
Result: A total of 40 patients completed follow-up. Mean age of all (n=52) patients was 4.8 years (range 3-12 years). Mean delay of presentation was 7.5 days (range 2-14 days). Hundred percent patients had satisfactory results according to Flynnâ€™s criteria. Two patients had pin infections.
Conclusion: Open reduction through medial approach and fixation with two cross K-wires is a reliable method of treatment for supracondylar fractures of humerus in children when the operation is delayed.