Role of Adenosine Deaminase in Common Chronic ENT Infections MC01-MC02
Dr. Abhilash. S,
Post Graduate Student, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, JJM Medical College,
Davangere- 577004, Karnataka, India.
Intoduction: Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) has been suggested to be an important enzyme which is associated with the cell mediated immunity. But its clinical significance in ENT infections needs to be correlated.
Aim: To evaluate the role of serum adenosine deaminase level estimation in common chronic ENT infections.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective randomized study. The subjects were divided into 4 groups. Group A consisted of 25 normal healthy individuals who served as the controls. Group B consisted of 25 patients, who were clinically diagnosed as chronic tonsillitis. Group C consisted of 25 patients, clinically diagnosed as chronic rhinosinusitis and Group D consisted of 25 patients, clinically diagnosed as chronic otitis media of mucosal type. The serum levels of ADA were estimated in all the subjects.
Results: The level of serum ADA was found to be elevated in common chronic ENT infections (Group B,C and D), when compared to control group(Group A) and p<0.05, which is statistically significant.
Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that serum ADA level can be considered as one of the essential diagnostic tool in diagnosing common chronic ENT infections.