Age and Environment Determined Children’s Preference Towards Dentist Attire - A Cross - Sectional Study ZC16-ZC19
Dr. Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar,
Postgraduate, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.
Introduction: The attire of the dentist has an influence on child’s behaviour in dental setup. Recent research has shown that the children have preferences towards the outfit worn by the dentist.
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the preference of children towards dentists’ attire based on various age groups and environment.
Materials and Methods: A total of 534 children aged between 6-11 years participated in the study. Children were divided into three groups based on their age as younger, middle and older age groups. Photographs of the dentist in different attires such as white coat, surgical scrubs and regular outfit were shown to children and the questionnaire was evaluated by a single, qualified Paediatric dentist in two different environmental set ups, namely school and dental environment. The anxiety level was evaluated by using Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale [MCDAS (f)]. Data was collected and tabulated. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20.0.
Results: A statistically significant difference was evident in the preference level of children towards dentist attire (p-value= 0.002). There was a positive correlation in the preference level of children towards dentist attire in different age groups. A statistically significant difference was evident in the preference level of children towards the dentist attire in school and dental environment (p-value <0.001).
Conclusion: Younger age group children preferred regular outfit and middle and older age group preferred white coat and surgical scrubs respectively. Children preferred white coat in school environment and surgical scrubs in dental environment.