Biomedical Biopolymers, their Origin and Evolution in Biomedical Sciences: A Systematic Review ZE21-ZE25
Dr. Preeti Yadav,
Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge and Implantology,
NIMS Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan-302004, India.
Biopolymers provide a plethora of applications in the pharmaceutical and medical applications. A material that can be used for biomedical applications like wound healing, drug delivery and tissue engineering should possess certain properties like biocompatibility, biodegradation to non-toxic products, low antigenicity, high bio-activity, processability to complicated shapes with appropriate porosity, ability to support cell growth and proliferation and appropriate mechanical properties, as well as maintaining mechanical strength. This paper reviews biodegradable biopolymers focusing on their potential in biomedical applications. Biopolymers most commonly used and most abundantly available have been described with focus on the properties relevant to biomedical importance.