Osseoperception: An Implant Mediated Sensory Motor Control- A Review ZE18-ZE20
Dr. Vishrut Mohan Bhatnagar,
308/B Om Neelkanth C.H.S, Plot no 31, Sector 42 A, Seawoods Nerul West Navi-Mumbai, Maharashtra- 400706, India.
Osseointegration of dental implants has been researched extensively, covering various aspects such as bone apposition, biomechanics and microbiology etc however, physiologic integration of implants and the associated prosthesis in the body has received very little attention. This integration is due to the development of a special sensory ability, which is able to restore peripheral sensory feedback mechanism. The underlying mechanism of this so-called âosseoperceptionâ phenomenon remains a matter of debate. The following article reveals the histological, neurophysiologic and psychophysical aspects of osseoperception. A comprehensive research to provide scientific evidence of osseoperception was carried out using various online resources such as Pubmed, Google scholar etc to retrieve studies published between 1985 to 2014 using the following keywords: âosseoperceptionââ, âmechanoreceptorsâ, âtactile sensibilityâ. Published data suggests that a peripheral feedback pathway can be restored with osseointegrated implants. This implant-mediated sensory-motor control may have important clinical implications in the normal functioning of the implant supported prosthesis.