Estimation of Release of Nickel and Chromium by Indian Made Orthodontic Appliance in Saliva ZC75-ZC79
Dr. Rajkumar Maurya,
Corps Dental Unit, P-8, Sultania Infantry Lines, Bhopal Military station, Bhopal-462001, India.
Introduction: With increasing use of Indian made orthodontic materials, need was felt to know nickel and chromium release from these material.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on simulated appliances consisting of brackets (022â€™â€™Roth, Modern orthodontics, Ludhiana, India), from second premolar to central incisor, buccal tube and 0.019Ă—0.025- inch SS arch wires secured with SS ligatures. Immersion was done in artificial saliva. Samples were analysed to using Atomic Absorption Photospectrometer (GVC ScientificEquipment Pvt. Ltd Australia) at AES Laboratories (P) Ltd., Noida India on 1st, 7th, 14th and 28th day.
Results: SPSS (ver 17, Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) was used toperform the statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics i.e. median and 25 and75 percentiles were used. Peak nickel release was on 7th day and subsequently declined over 14th and 28th day. The peak level of chromium concentration was on 14th day, which declined thereafter.
Conclusion: Average daily release of nickel and chromium over a period of one month was 97.368 Âµg/day and 47.664 Âµg/day respectively. The estimated release rates were approximately 32% and 16% of the reported average daily dietary.