Role of High Resolution Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Pathologies of Temporal Bone TC07-TC10
Dr. Amandeep Singh,
469, East Mohan Nagar, Sultanwind Road, Amritsar, India.
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT), a modification of routine CT, provides a direct visual window in the temporal bone providing minute structural details. Purpose of the present study was to evaluate the normal variations, pathological processes (infections and congenital anomalies) and their extent involving the temporal bone along with their complications on HRCT and to correlate these imaging findings surgically, wherever available.
Materials and Methods: The prospective study included 50 patients who were referred to the radiology department with clinically suspected temporal bone or ear pathologies. After detailed clinical examination, the patients were subjected to high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) examination. The imaging findings were correlated with the surgical findings wherever available. The surgical findings were considered as final.
Results: From a total of 50 cases, 83.33% had cholesteatoma. The surgical and radiological findings showed a high level of sensitivity (89.29%) in the identification of cholesteatoma. HRCT provides a good sensitivity of 80.65% in the identification of changes to the ossicular chain despite the presence of surrounding soft tissue. HRCT was highly informative in identification of erosion of lateral semicircular canal. In diagnosis of facial canal dehiscence HRCT had a low sensitivity of 33.33%. In the evaluation of any congenital abnormality of the ear HRCT proved to be beneficial in depicting the anatomical details.
Conclusion: The clinical and radiological findings showed a high level sensitivity with intraoperative findings as regards to the presence of cholesteatoma, changes of the ossicular chain and erosion of the lateral semicircular canal. HRCT findings, in the treatment of any congenital abnormality of the ear were a good guide to the surgeon for planning and management.