A Comparative Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength Between Two Commercially Available Heat Cured Resilient Liners and Denture Base Resin with Different Surface Treatments ZC030-ZC034
Dr. Vishrut Mohan Bhatnagar,
308/B Om Neelkanth C.H.S, Plot no 31, Sector 42 A,
Seawoods Nerul West Navi Mumbai Maharashtra- 400706, India.
Background: Soft denture liners are widespread materials used in prosthetic dentistry. Their mechanical properties have to meet several key requirements such as adequate bond to denture base resins in order to provide right function of masticatory system and oral hygiene.
Aim: To evaluate and compare the shear bond strength between two commercially available liners and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base resin with different surface treatments.
Materials and Methods: The two soft denture liners - Luci-Sof (silicone based liner) and Super-Soft (acrylic based liner) and a polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin (Trevalon) were chosen for the study. A total of 80 samples were made, 40 each for each of the two materials under investigation. The 40 samples were further divided into four groups, containing 10 samples each. Group I: Consisted of an untreated surface of polymethyl methacrylate which acted as the control. Group II: The surface of polymethyl methacrylate surface was sandblasted. Group III: The polymethyl methacrylate surface was treated with monomer. Group IV: The lining material was processed with acrylic resin dough. The samples after thermocycling for 500 cycles with temperatures from 5Â° Â± 1Â°C to 55Â° Â± 1Â°C and a 60 sec dwell time were subjected to shear loading on universal testing machine at crosshead speed of 20mm/sec. A Scanning Electron Microscope and stereomicroscope analysis of the bond interface between the liner and the denture base was conducted for all the groups of the two materials under study.
Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed using independent samples t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Post-Hoc Analysis. A significance level of a = 0.05 was used for statistical analyses.
Results: The bond strength was significantly different between Super- Soft and Luci-Sof (p<0.05) for all surface treatments. The scanning electron microscopy observations showed that the application of surface treatments modified the surface of the denture base resin.
Conclusions: Super-Soft exhibited significantly higher bond strength than Luci-Sof. It was observed that Super-Soft when packed with the pre-polymerized samples produced highest bond strength values among all the groups for both the materials under study. The lowest bond strength was achieved for pre-polymerized samples when packed with Luci-Sof.