Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2/neu) in Salivary Gland Carcinomas: A Review of Literature ZE04-ZE08
Head of Department, Department of Oral Maxillofacial Sciences, Al-Farabi College of Dentistry and Nursing,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
The aim of our study is to assess the relation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 or HER2/neu with the development of salivary gland carcinomas and use of Herceptin in the treatment of these cancers. A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE accessed via the National Library of Medicine PubMed interface searching for articles from 1994 up to 2014 relating to the existence of HER-2 protein and gene in salivary gland carcinomas and HER2/neu targeted therapy, written in English language. Almost all the studies in literature reported a frequent over expression and amplification of HER2/nue in salivary duct carcinomas (SDC) compared to other salivary gland cancers. Herceptin given as a monotherapy was not effective. The data on Herceptin combined chemotherapy are potentially promising but inadequate to evaluate drug activity, as patients also received a variety of cytotoxic agents. Therefore, Herceptin contribution to tumour response outcomes could not be precisely determined and the total number of cases is not sufficient. It is recommended that further work involves a large series of HER2/neu positive salivary gland cancers (randomized control trial) treated with chemotherapy with and without Herceptin. This might need multi-institutional cooperation.