Study on Serum Cortisol and Perceived Stress Scale in the Police Constables BC10-BC14
Dr. Sanjeev S. Walvekar,
Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry, BLDE Universityâ€™s Shri B.M.Patil Medical College,
Hospital & Research Centre, Karnataka, India.
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: The occupational stress may be more among the police constables. Under the stressed conditions, the body secretes more Cortisol. Elevated serum cortisol levels significantly correlate with the symptoms of metabolic Syndrome. Perceived stress scale (PSS) is the most widely used psychological tool for measuring the perception of stress. The objective of this study was to examine the association between perceived stress and Serum Cortisol and also to explore stress as an occupational risk factor which may lead to metabolic syndrome.
Materials and Methods: We measured Serum Cortisol, Lipid profile, Blood Glucose and HbA1c in both Police constables and the general population. Also to evaluate the occupational stress, the questionnaire consisting of Perceived stress scale -14 items was used.
Results: A positive correlation was found between Serum Cortisol and perceived stress scale, Blood Glucose, HbA1c. The biochemical parameters were found to be elevated in police constables compared to controls. It was found that among 108 policemen, 38% were confirmed with cardiometabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: The relation between Serum Cortisol and perceived stress scale indicates the severity of occupational stress the police constables are experiencing. So the occupation based health program for lifestyle changes, modification in job related rules and regulations will help to avert further complications and keep police personnel healthy.