Plasma Levels of Uric Acid, Urea and Creatinine in Diabetics Who Visit the Clinical Analysis Laboratory (CAn-Lab) at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana BC05-BC09
Dr. K. Nsiah,
Teaching/Research Assistant, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology,
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metaÂ bolic diseases worldwide. This metabolic disorder contributes greatly to the significant proportion of the burden of renal damage and dysfunction. The aim of the study was to investigate the renal function of the diabetic patients who visit the Clinical Analysis Laboratory (CAn Lab) at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.
Materials and Methods: Demographic data as well as medical history were obtained through the administration of a questionnaire. Anthro pometric measurements were taken and blood samples were analysed for glucose, uric acid, urea and creatinine. Data collected were analysed using SPSS version 16.0.
Results: A total of 34 diabetic patients, aged from 40 77 y were recruited, 22 (64.7%) of them were males with mean age of 57.40 Â± 11.8 y (Â±SD), while 12 (35.3%) were females with mean age of 58.17 Â± 7.47 y. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean duration of the disease, as the females had longer duration, 12.50 Â± 6.95 y, as compared to 7.32 Â± 4.48 y in males (p=0.033). The mean plasma creatinine level in the females was 84.17 Â± 54.73 Âµmol/l. In the diabetic population, there was a positive correlation between age and plasma creatinine level, (r=0.375, p=0.029). In the female diabetics, there was a positive correlation between fasting blood sugar (FBS) and the measured metabolic end products (r>0.5, p<0.05), a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and uric acid (r=0.576, p=0.005) and a positive correlation between BMI and FBS (r= 0.625, p= 0.030).
Conclusion: Our results on the parameters measured; show that the diabetic population was experiencing mild kidney dysfunction, compared to non diabetic controls.