Tobacco Control in India; A Myth or Reality- Five Year Retrospective Analysis Using WHO MPOWER for Tobacco Control ZE06-ZE09
Dr. Ravneet Malhi,
Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research,
Ajit Mahal, Niwari Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad-201 204, India.
E-mail : Malhi.email@example.com
Introduction: Tobacco use is a major public health challenge in India and government of India has taken various initiatives for tobacco control in the country. India was among the first few countries to ratify WHO the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in 2004 and to make it easy, WHO introduced the MPOWER measures.
Objective: This study aimed to quantify the implementation of MPOWER tobacco control policies in India. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective analysis information was collected from the WHO report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic Program, India for the year 2009, 2011 and 2013 using MPOWER and this analysis was based on the checklist which was designed previously by Iranian and international tobacco control specialists in their study on tobacco control and its cut-offs were set according to the scoring of key sections of the MPOWER 2011 report.
Results: In this study India was ranked by scores and these scores were obtained from each indicator for each activity. The highest scores were achieved in 2013 and there are marked increase in scores in health warning on cigarette packages but as far as the cessation programmes and taxation is concerned, there is decline in the progress.
Conclusion: MPOWER programmes are accepted in the India but there is considerable room for improvement as we are still far from the ideal situation.