Oral Health Related Quality of Life in a Group of Geriatrics ZC52-ZC55
Dr. Maryam Amirchaghmaghi,
Azadi Square, Vakilabad BLVD, Mashhad Dental School, Mashhad, Iran.
Background: A good quality of life in elderly population is related to different aspects of health including oral health. The aim of this study was to determine oral health-related quality of life (OHR-QoL) in elderly patients referred for dental or oro-maxillo-facial complaints to Mashhad dental school (MDS) and compare them with a group of normal population
Materials and Methods: A total of 99 patients from MDS (as case group) and 114 elderly people as control were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Control group were chosen among the pilgrims who had come to the holy shrine of Imam Reza (Haram). Persian version of OIDP (Oral Impact of Daily Performance) index was used. Data were entered to SPSS 11.5 and Statistical analysis was performed.
Results: A total of 213 (case =99, control=114) cases were enrolled. Mean Performance score (MPS) was 6.27±10.47 (7.96±11.95 in case group, and 4.80±8.77 in control group) and the difference was significant (p=0.015). Age was conversely correlated with MPS (r=0.0125, p=0.24) although this correlation was not significant. We found, in oro-maxillofacial functions, ill-fit dentures, oral ulcers, pain and tooth mobility were major determinants of OHR-QoL. Number of impaired functions was directly and significantly correlated with MPS (r=0.92, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Some daily functions like speaking, emotional status, cleaning teeth, physical activity were impaired in case group. Oral and maxillofacial diseases were more prevalent in case group and can be an important impairing issue in OHR-QoL.