Can Erectile Dysfunction in Young Patients Serve as a Surrogate Marker for Coronary Artery Disease? PC01-PC03
Dr. Tanwar Harshawardhan Vedpalsingh,
Registrar, Department of Urology, New Building, Seth G.S Medical College & KEM Hospital,
E Boreges Marg, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra-400012, India.
Introduction: Early diagnosis and expeditious management of coronary artery disease (CAD) has a rewarding survival benefit. Aim: To study whether erectile dysfunction (ED) serves as a surrogate marker for CAD in a young patient.
Settings and Design: Males (n=207) between ages 20-60 years with ED were evaluated prospectively for risk factors for CAD. Materials and Methods: Blood Glucose Levels (BGL) fasting and post meal), lipid profile (LP) and 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was done in all of them. International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IEF-5) was used for the evaluation of ED. Those with abnormal parameters were assessed by cardiologists by echocardiography, stress test and if necessary coronary angiography (Non-Invasive or Invasive).
Statistical Analysis: All the data were analysed using SPSS. 16 statistical software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). All data are expressed as mean and standard deviation. The Studentâ€™s t-test was used to compare means between groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare proportions between the groups. P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. All confidence intervals (CIs) are two tailed and calculated at the 0.05 level.
Results: Out of 207, 149 patients had at least one abnormal screening parameter. All underwent cardiology consultation and 2D ECHO and Stress test. Thirty six patients underwent coronary angiography. CAD was found in 22 patients. Of these, 19 patients had severe ED. Nine patients were between 20-40 years of age (13.23%). All 9 young patients had deranged LP; severe ED. Six patients were smokers while nobody was hypertensive.
Conclusion: ED serves as a surrogate marker for CAD in young patients (p=0.001). Presence of risk factors and lab abnormalities in young patients with ED warrants a cardiology referral to detect CAD.