Study on Subclinical Hypothyroidism and its Association with Various Inflammatory Markers BC04-BC06
Dr. Preeti Sharma,
Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Santosh medical College and Hospital (Santosh University), Ghaziabad, UP. India.
E-mail : email@example.com
Introduction: Subclinical hypothyroidism shows the mimic reaction more like to frank hypothyroidism which creates the dilemma. Inflammatory markers can be helpful in assessment of adverse effects of subclinical hypothyroidism, are not very well studied in the past. So the aim of this study was to investigate the role of inflammatory markers in Subclinical hypothyroidism patients.
Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 154 patients with recently diagnosed subclinical hypothyroidism and 100 healthy controls. TSH, FT4 & T3 were estimated by enzyme linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL-C were estimated by spectrophotometric method. LDL – C was calculated by Friedewald formula. Inflammatory markers (ESR, C-reactive protein & Interleukin 6) were also estimated by enzyme linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Results: In this study the level of TSH Mean ± SD (11.12±4.17 vs 2.73±0.80) and T3 Mean ± SD (0.96±0.17 vs 1.08±0.26) were significantly higher (<0.001) in subclinical hypothyroidism. Serum concentration of FT4 was not significantly different between the groups. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-C were significantly higher in patients group. While the level of HDL-C was significantly lower in SCH patients compared to euthyroid group. TSH level was positively correlated with inflammatory markers in subclinical hypothyroidism, which were significantly different in subclinical hypothyroidism.
Conclusion: This study suggests that subclinical hypo-thyroidism patients have increased inflammatory markers along with dyslipidemia and due to that future risk of further development of cardiovascular disorder can occur. Level of inflammatory markers increases in patients as disease progress if left untreated.