Diagnostic Efficacy of Saliva For Dengue - A Reality in Near Future? A Piloting Initiative 229-232
Dr. Banavar Ravi Spoorthi,
213/y, 13th main, 3rd Block, Rajajinagar, Bangalore, India.
Phone: 9742980076, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Dengue, a mosquito-transmitted viral infection presents variable symptoms, including death. Due to their increasing incidences, early detection and improved diagnoses of severe cases are of prime importance. Currently, viral antigens and antibodies are detected by traditional serological tests. However, the introduction of oral fluid as an alternative, has led to many researches. Hence, this prompted us to carry out a pilot study to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of saliva in detecting dengue antibody by using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
Aim and objectives: To evaluate the presence of Dengue antibody in saliva and its sensitivity and specificity through ELISA.
Methodology and Results: Twenty seropositive patients and twenty seronegative patients of Dengue were considered individually. Saliva samples collected from these patients were subjected to ELISA test for detection of Dengue antibody. A sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 100% were obtained for making a diagnosis of Dengue infection.
Conclusion: Many studies have been conducted by utilizing saliva as a diagnostic tool, especially in western population. Its advantages over venipuncture are many, especially as it is less invasive, safe, less expensive and as it allows large numbers of samples to be collected easily for screening and epidemiological purposes. In a developing tropical country like India, such a diagnostic tool has to be encouraged. Further research necessitates the implementation of saliva as a diagnostic tool.