Diagnostic Accuracy of MRCP as Compared to Ultrasound/CT in Patients with Obstructive Jaundice 103-107
Dr. Amandeep Singh,
469, East Mohan Nagar, Sultanwind Road, Amritsar, Punjab-143001, India.
Phone: 09872454954, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background:The expanding spectrum of therapeutic options for patients with surgical jaundice makes it necessary for the radiologist to precisely assess the etiology, location, level and extent of disease.
Aim:To compare the diagnostic accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) with Ultrasound and Computed Tomography (CT) in evaluation of patients with obstructive jaundice taking direct cholangiographies (ERCP and PTC), hystologic tests and anatomo-pathological findings after surgical intervention as gold standard.
Settings anddesign:This prospective study included 50 patients who were referred to the radiology department with clinical features of biliary obstructive disease.
Materials and Methods:Initial ultrasonography (USG) evaluation was followed by Computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP);however in cases of benign pathologies where USG findings were unequivocal Computed tomography (CT )was not done to avoid unnecessary radiation exposure. The results were read by radiologists blinded to other imaging findings. The characteristic Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) features/ histopathological diagnosis / surgical findings (as applicable) were considered as final.
Results:Diagnostic accuracy of MRCP (98%) in the diagnosis of benign and malignant diseases was relatively high (98% and 98%) as compared to CT (82.86% and 91.43% in benign and malignant respectively) and USG (88% and 88%). In the diagnosis of benign diseases MRCP was 100% sensitive compared to ultrasound (80.77%), which was more sensitive than CT scan (54.55%).In the diagnosis of malignant diseases, MRCP was more sensitive (95.83%) as compared to CT scan (91.67%), which was more sensitive than ultrasonography (79.17%).
conclusion:Ultrasound as a screening modality is useful to confirm or exclude biliary dilatation and to choose patients for MRCP examination. MRCP is an important non invasive imaging investigation in the pre operative evaluation of patients with obstructive jaundice.