The Clinical, Serological and Molecular Diagnosis of Emerging Dengue Infection at a Tertiary Care Institute in Southern, India
Dr. V. Lakshmi,
Professor &Head, Dept.of Microbiolology,
Nizamâ€™s Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta
Hyderabad â€“ 500082 (India)
Introduction: Dengue is an acute viral infection which presents as uneventful pyrexia to a fatal complication. This infection is increasingly being recognized as the worldâ€™s major emerging tropical disease and an important public health problem. This article highlights the clinical manifestations of Dengue virus infection and the various molecular tests that were used for its laboratory diagnosis.
Methods: Serum samples from 713 suspected cases of Dengue were collected between August and December 2007. The clinical profiles of 123 hospitalized patients were analyzed. Serology, RT- PCR, virus isolation and sequencing were done.
Results: The most common clinical symptoms were fever, thrombocytopenia, rash and elevated liver enzymes. The demonstration of the Dengue RNA in 5.16% samples, the detection of Dengue specific IgM antibodies in 18% samples and the isolation of the DENV-4 and the DENV-3 viruses from the clinical samples confirmed this Dengue outbreak. A co -infection with Chikungunya was observed in 2.06% of the cases. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Indian Dengue-4 isolates from this outbreak belonged to the genotype I. This study clearly indicated the sudden dominance of DENV-4 in an Indian Dengue outbreak.
Conclusion: The surveillance of the Dengue viruses needs to be closely monitored for the emergence of newer serotype(s) in hitherto unknown areas.