Socio-demographic Determinants of Compliance among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Abha, Saudi Arabia 2810-2813
Dr. Aesha Farheen Siddiqui,
C-49,SBI Colony, BDA, Koh-e-Fiza, Bhopal-462001, India
Phone: 00966-599629908, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Objectives: Saudi Arabia has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes. This study was conducted with the following objectives: (1) To study the socio-demographic profile of diabetic patients in Abha. (2) To find the sociodemographic determinants of compliance among diabetic patients in Abha.
Material and Methods: A self administered questionnaire which had detailed the socio-demographic features and various aspects of compliance was used on a random sample of registered diabetics at two primary health care centres of Abha.
Results: Most of the patients (70.4 percent) were between 40- 60 years age. Most of the patients were men (about 60 percent) and Saudis. Majority of patients did not have a university education. Young patients (age<40) were more compliant with all aspects of management, except medication (23.8 percent). Women were significantly more compliant with exercise (49.7 percent), while men were significantly more compliant with follow up (81.1 percent). Saudi patients were significantly compliant with medication (79.2 percent), while non Saudis were compliant with exercise (62.9 percent). All single patients were diet compliant. Smokers were significantly less compliant with exercise. Patients with normal BMI were significantly more compliant with diet and exercise.
Conclusion: Patients were found to be generally less compliant towards the regimen. Socio-demographic factors which were significantly associated with non compliance were age, gender, nationality, educational status, marital status, smoking status and BMI.