The Oxidative Stress in Cataract Patients
Dr. Jaskiran Kaur,
Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry,
Flat no. 2, Registrar flats. Government Medical College
campus, Circular Road Amritsar, India.
Background: The recent studies on cataract formation focus on the primary role of the systemic oxidative stress which is generated outside the lens. Our research was directed to assess the oxidative stress by measuring the lipid peroxidation products in the form of the Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) and the antioxidant enzyme levels in the blood. The antioxidant therapy may have a role to play in delaying the onset and the progression of age related cataracts.
Material and Method: This was a case control study. It comprised of 100 age matched subjects (50 with cataracts and 50 controls) with their ages ranging from 45- 75 years. Oxidative stresses such as the Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) and the antioxidant enzymes, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase( GPX ) were investigated in all the patients and the controls.
Results: Significantly increased levels of serum lipid peroxide in the form of Malondialdehyde (MDA ) (p<0.001) were observed in the cataract patients as compared to the controls. Significantly decreased blood levels of SOD and GPX were observed in all the patients.
Conclusion: In the present study, it was concluded that oxidative stress plays an important role in the onset and the progression of cataracts. The pro-oxidant i.e. serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were increased in the cataract patients. The blood levels of the enzymatic anti-oxidants, SOD and GPX were decreased. The plasma TBARS can be used as biomarkers of the degeneration in the lens.