The Frequencies of the Urinary Anomalies which were Detected in a Foetal Autopsy Study 1615-1619
Dr. Tulika Gupta,
Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy,
PGIMER, Sector-12, Chandigarh, India.
Aim: The detection of foetal urinary abnormalities in the antenatal period will help in an adequate post natal management and it will also have a bearing on the decision of the termination of the pregnancy. The purpose of the present study was to detect urinary anomalies in the antenatal period by doing autopsies of the aborted foetuses.
Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study.
Methods and Material: A total of 226 aborted foetuses were autopsied. The urinary anomalies which were related to the renal parenchyma, the pelvi-ureteral sstem and the urinary bladder were recorded. The associated anomalies of the other organ ystems were also noted. The incidences of the different urinary anomalies among the aborted foetuses were calculated. The gestational ages at which the various anomalies were detected were also studied.
Results: Twenty nine of the 226 fetuses were detected to have 34 urinary anomalies. Renal agenesis was the single most common anomaly. Overall, the anomalies which were related to the renal parenchyma accounted for 67.65 % of all the urinary anomalies, while the anomalies of the pelvi-ureteral ystem and the bladder constituted 20.59% of the detected urinary anomalies. The anomalies of the renal parenchyma (renal agenesis and horse-shoe and polycystic kidneys) were more frequently seen in the foetuses with a shorter gestational age as compared to the gestational ages of the foetuses which showed pelvi-ureteral anomalies. The cumulative incidence of the foetuses with urinary anomalies by 30 weeks of gestation was 12.83%.
Conclusions: A significant proportion of the aborted foetuses was detected to have urinary anomalies. An early antenatal detection of these and associated anomalies has significance, as this may help in an early postnatal diagnosis and management. The degree and the extent of the detected anomalies could also help in the decision making regarding the therapeutic abortions and the future pregnancies.