Health Effects of Modern Temporary Female Hormonal Contraceptives among the Women in the Pokhara Sub-Metropolitan City of Western Nepal 51-56
Dr. Manu S Rana, MA, MPH, PhD
Asst. Prof, Department of Community Medicine,
Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal.
Introduction: Prior studies in Nepal which observed the contraceptive behaviour of women have shown that most of the women who wanted to have either birth space or who limited their births primarily, do not use contraceptives because of health concerns, particularly from hormonal methods.
Objective: To study the use of modern female temporary hormonal contraceptives and their health effects.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the institutionalized family planning centre of the government and non government organizations of Pokhara, Nepal. The data which were collected were the health effects of modern temporary female hormonal contraceptives and the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics from the interviews of 120 respondents.
Result: Depo clients were found to be more in number than others. The contraceptive acceptor age was highest among the 20 -34 year old females. The marriage and first child birth age was highest among 15-19 year old females and most of the temporary family planning contraceptive acceptors adopted the method after their first child birth. A majority of them had one boy and one girl as children. Though illiterate women were a majority, fifty percent knew all the four methods of female temporary contraceptives. Economically, most of the families annually earned Rs. 50001-100000, which was 43.3 percent. The side effects of the female temporary hormonal contraceptives were prevalent, but the warning effects were not indicated in this study. The warning effects such as lower abdominal or pelvic pain, severe headache, eye problems, vision loss or blurring, chest pain, cough, shortness of breath and severe leg pain (calf/ thigh) due to bone damage were not found.
Conclusion: This study revealed that during long term use, nearly hundred percent of the women didnâ€™t feel any bad warning health effects due to use of hormonal contraceptives.