Superficial Brachial Artery With A High Origin Of Profunda Brachii And Common Interosseous Artery- A Case Report 628-630
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Variations in the arterial pattern of the upper limb are observed frequently and may be seen in routine dissections or in clinical practice. These have important influences on the predisposition to illness, clinical examination, investigations and patient management, including operative surgery. The knowledge of such a variability is however not only desirable, but also essential. In this article, the superficial brachial artery with a high origin of profunda Brachii and the common Interosseous artery is being reported. The axillary artery in its third part gave the profunda brachii artery and continued as the brachial artery which crossed the median nerve superficially from the medial to the lateral side, in the middle of the arm, as the superficial brachial artery. In the lower one third of the arm, it gave a branch of almost equal calibre, which coursed laterally and continued in the forearm as the common interosseus artery. Then, just at the base of the cubital fossa, it divided into the radial and the ulnar arteries. These arteries may also be mistaken for veins and the results may be disastrous, like gangrene or loss of the hand. Its ontogeny and clinical implications have been discussed in detail.