A Study On The Association Of Coronary Artery Disease And Smoking By A Questionnaire Method 264-268
Dr.YATHISH .T.R, Assistant Professor
Department of physiology, Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences
Hassan-573201, Karnataka, India, (Mobile)- +91-9448410163
Background: Coronary artery disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries. Cigarette smoking is thought to be major risk factor.
Aim: To study coronary artery disease among smokers by the Rose questionnaire method.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from March 2005 to March 2006. The presence of coronary artery disease was detected by the Rose Angina Questionnaire. The questionnaire method which was adopted was noninvasive and inexpensive.
Results: This study showed that the occurrence of coronary artery disease was higher in the smokers (61%), with a relative risk of 1.71(95% confidence interval 1.4, 2.0) as compared to the nonsmokers (36%), which was significant. Increased levels of nicotine may be a contributory factor to atherosclerosis which is observed in smokers.
Conclusion: Cigarette smoking not only accelerates the early onset of coronary artery disease but also increases the risk of the development of coronary artery disease by more than 80%.