Anthropometric Profile In Normolipidaemic Myocardial Infarction Patients In South Asia: A Case-Control Study 997-1000
Dr. Kumar A, Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The objective of the study was to evaluate the changes in anthropometric variables in normolipidaemic acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, and to determine the significance of waist-hip ratio and basal metabolic index in assessment of risk of myocardial infarction as compared to normal healthy controls.165 normolipidaemic AMI patients from India (87 males; 22 females) and Sri Lanka (36 males; 20 females) were recruited for the study.165 age and sex matched normal healthy controls were selected carefully. Anthropometric variables such as height (H), weight (W), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference(Hp), waist-hip ratio(W/H ratio), mid arm circumference (MAC), biceps skin fold thickness (BSFT), and triceps skin fold thickness (TSFT), was measured using standardized techniques. Anthropometric profiles varied markedly among cases and controls (p<0.001). The relative risk of MI was increased by 2.6 folds in subjects whose waist /hip ratio was ÂˇĂť0.95 compared to those with normal waist/hip ratio. Waist-to-hip ratio is a useful phenotypic marker for determining the risk of myocardial infarction in patients in South Asia. Further research is needed from South Asia to assess the predictive ability of waist-hip ratio for cardiac disease in adults, after adjusting for potential confounders.