Effects of a Composite of Tulsi Leaves, Amla, Bitter Gourd, Gurmur Leaves, Jamun Fruit and Seed in Type 2 Diabetic Patients 511-520
Mitra A. Assistant Professor, School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Pin code-721 302, India. Tel.: 91-322-282656/282657(R), fax: 91-322-282631, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Traditional treatment applies different herbal principles used as a composite in food, serving as an effective measure against different diseases like diabetes in economically backward rural India lacking in health service infrastructure. The present study intends to observe the effects of a composite of Tulsi (Ocimum Sanctum) leaves, Amla (Emblica Officinalis), Bitter Gourd (Momordica Charantia), Gurmur (Gymnema sylvestre) leaves and Jamun (Syzygium Cumini) fruit and its seed, on mild diabetic patients. 120 patients whose Fasting Blood Sugar values is below 180mg/dl and without any complications of diabetes, and free from other diseases, are screened out of 2607 cases from hospitals at and around Kharagpur by random selection (lottery), divided into two groups of 60 patients each (lottery). The experimental group receives the composite of the above substances mixed with Soybean Sattu and used as a breakfast item for three months. The parameters like fasting blood sugar and lipid profile values for both experimental and control groups are measured at monthly intervals and compared statistically. Insulin resistance pictures are calculated. Application of the composite results in reduction of fasting blood sugar, bad cholesterols and Insulin resistance and increase in good cholesterol. Normal distribution method is used to analyse the data. The composite in this study causes beneficial changes in the blood bio-chemic parameters with reduction of Insulin resistance in the patients and needs to be supported by long-term experimentations.