Vitamin D Status in Pregnant Women and their Newborns with Respect to Socioeconomic Status: A Hospital Based Cross-sectional StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Rajesh Shimoga Mahabala,
Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Attavara, Mangalore-575002, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India is about 70% to 100%. India has a large population of socioeconomically backward people. Pregnant women are considered as a high risk group with global reports citing 20-80% of pregnant women may suffer from vitamin D inadequacy and deficiency. There are evidences suggesting that vitamin D deficient women and vitamin deficient babies are at higher risk of various illnesses.
Aim: To study the vitamin D level in maternal and their newborn and to correlate the maternal and newborn vitamin D level with their socioeconomic status.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Government referral Hospital and Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, India for a period of two years. A total of 80 term pregnant women were selected; all pregnant women who were antenatal booked cases either in private or government have received calcium supplements. About 2 mL of maternal blood and cord blood samples were collected during labour. The estimation of vitamin D was done by ELISA kit. The socioeconomic status of the mother were assessed. The data collected were stastically analysed using Student’s paired t-test, chi-square/Fishers test and Pearson’s correlation.
Results: Vitamin D deficiency was observed in 41.2% of the mother and 70% of the newborn, insufficiency in 33.8% of the mothers and 22.5% of the newborn and normal level of vitamin D in 25% of the mother and 7.5% of the baby. There was a positive correlation observed with maternal vitamin D levels and cord blood. Vitamin D deficiency in mother and their newborn of different socioeconomic status found to be statistically significant. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation in the mother had statistical significance on maternal vitamin D status.
Conclusion:Maternal vitamin D levels have positive correlation with vitamin D levels of newborn, adequate vitamin D supplements in the mother has a positive correlation with vitamin D levels in both mother and newborn. Lower socioeconomic status of the mother has negative impact on Vitamin D levels of both mother and newborn.
Cord blood vitamin D, Maternal supplementation, Maternal vitamin D
Vuppala Subbarao, Rajesh Shimoga Mahabala. VITAMIN D STATUS IN PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEIR NEWBORNS WITH RESPECT TO SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS: A HOSPITAL BASED CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2019 Jan 19 ]; 12:SC07-SC10. Available from
Date of Submission: Jan 14, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Mar 31, 2018
Date of Acceptance: May 09, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018
FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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