MRI Evaluation of Lumbar Disc Degenerative DiseaseCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Pokhraj Prakashchandra Suthar,
5-Durga Nagar Society, Karodiya, Baroda, Gujarat-391310, India.
Introduction: Lower back pain secondary to degenerative disc disease is a condition that affects young to middle-aged persons with peak incidence at approximately 40 y. MRI is the standard imaging modality for detecting disc pathology due to its advantage of lack of radiation, multiplanar imaging capability, excellent spinal soft-tissue contrast and precise localization of intervertebral discs changes.
Aims and Objective: To evaluate the characterization, extent, and changes associated with the degenerative lumbar disc disease by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Study Design: Cross-sectional and observational study.
Materials and Methods: A total 109 patients of the lumbar disc degeneration with age group between 17 to 80 y were diagnosed & studied on 1.5 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging machine. MRI findings like lumbar lordosis, Schmorlâ€™s nodes, decreased disc height, disc annular tear, disc herniation, disc bulge, disc protrusion and disc extrusion were observed. Narrowing of the spinal canal, lateral recess and neural foramen with compression of nerve roots observed. Ligamentum flavum thickening and facetal arthropathy was observed.
Result: Males were more commonly affected in Degenerative Spinal Disease & most of the patients show loss of lumbar lordosis. Decreased disc height was common at L5-S1 level. More than one disc involvement was seen per person. L4 â€“ L5 disc was the most commonly involved. Annular disc tear, disc herniation, disc extrusion, narrowing of spinal canal, narrowing of lateral recess, compression of neural foramen, ligamentum flavum thickening and facetal arthropathy was common at the L4 â€“L5 disc level. Disc buldge was common at L3 â€“ L4 & L4 â€“ L5 disc level. Posterior osteophytes are common at L3 - L4 & L5 â€“S1 disc level. L1- L2 disc involvement and spondylolisthesis are less common.
Conclusion: Lumbar disc degeneration is the most common cause of low back pain. Plain radiograph can be helpful in visualizing gross anatomic changes in the intervertebral disc. But, MRI is the standard imaging modality for detecting disc pathology due to its advantage of lack of radiation, multiplanar imaging capability, excellent spinal soft-tissue contrast and precise localization of intervertebral discs changes.
Degenerative disc disease, Intervertebral disc, Sciatica pain
Date of Submission: Nov 05, 2014
Date of Peer Review: Jan 20, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Feb 12, 2015
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2015
Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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