Aberrant Innervation of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle By the Transverse Cervical Nerve: A Case ReportCorrespondence Address :
Dr. George Paraskevas,
Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki,
P.O. Box: 300, P Code-54124, Greece.
Two aberrant rami originating from the right transverse cervical nerve and innervated the midportion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SM) were detected during routine cadaver dissection. Although SM is commonly innervated by the accessory nerve, as well as by cervical nerves, it is likely to be innervated additionally by other nerves such as hypoglossal nerve, ansa cervicalis, facial or external laryngeal nerve. Some considerations as regards the possible composition of the aberrant rami of the transverse cervical nerve detected in the current study, as well as the relevant literature is discussed.
Accessory nerve, Cervical nerves, Rami
Date of Submission: Oct 28, 2014
Date of Peer Review: Dec 29, 2014
Date of Acceptance: Feb 05, 2015
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2015
Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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