Jigsaw Classroom: Is it an Effective Method of Teaching and Learning? Studentâ€™s Opinions and Experience JC01-JC04
Dr. Aliya Nusrath,
Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Adichunchanagiri University, B G Nagara-571448, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: In this digital era with information overload it is important to train the students in a systematic approach to the information available and a positive interdependence for effective learning. Jigsaw is an active method of co-operative learning which focuses on learning in groups with a specific goal and has shown to improve the studentâ€™s academic performance.
Aim: To analyse the learning experience of students in Jigsaw Co-operative Learning (JCL) technique and to explore the opinion of students towards the advantages/disadvantages of JCL technique.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first year MBBS students (n=152). The participants were subjected to JCL on folic acid and vitamin B12 during tutorial class after completion of the same topics during didactic lecture class. The participants answered pre-test and post-test for the above topic and feedback was taken using a pre-tested questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis of the data.
Results: Statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test score (p<0.001) was observed. The overall mean score of the learning experience of participants was 4.14Â±0.3 with the statement â€˜the activity helped me in enhancing communication skillâ€™ having highest mean score of 4.59 and â€˜the activity enabled in depth coverage of the topicâ€™ having lowest mean score of 3.58. Majority of the participants (83%) preferred JCL method of teaching learning. A number of advantages and disadvantages of this method were also opined by the participants in the open-ended questions.
Conclusion: Based on the participantsâ€™ opinions and positive approach, JCL can contribute to better understanding and comprehension of the concepts, improvement in communication, and analytical skills, making learning an enjoyable experience for the students.