Comprehensive Classification System for Furcation Involvement – Incorporating Additional Variables ZE01-ZE04
Dr. Abhay Pandurang Kolte,
Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre,
Digdoh Hills Hingna Road, Nagpur-440019, Maharashtra, India.
The presence of furcation involvement is one of the clinical indicators of periodontal disease which is considered an extremely demanding situation by clinicians in terms of successful management. With a continuous improvement in the understanding of periodontal conditions and advent of better therapeutic modalities, it becomes imperative to maximise inclusion of differentials in clinical manifestations involving severity of alveolar bone destruction and gingival inter-relationships while categorising furcation involvement. This has been one of the major limitations of the existing classification of furcation involvement. Furcation involvement is classified taking into account the vertical component, horizontal component and the position of gingival margin. This paper attempts in developing a classification system which relates to the severity of alveolar bone destruction in the furcation and the gingival positions.