Influence of Post Angulation between Coronal and Radicular Segment on the Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Teeth ZC90-ZC93
Dr. Satheesh B Haralur,
Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: The objectives of coronal restoration in the Endodontically Treated Teeth (ETT) include rehabilitation of aesthetics, function and prevention of coronal leakage. The long axis of root and the coronal segment in the maxillary anterior teeth varies according to the occlusal scheme. The restorative dentist is required to fabricate the post angulation in compatibility to contour of the adjacent teeth.
Aim: To evaluate the influence of the angle between the long axes of core facial surface and the radicular segment of the post on fracture resistance of ETT.
Material and Methods: Total of 30 maxillary intact canines was root canal treated, sectioned 2 mm above the CEJ. The custom made nickel-chromium endodontic posts were fabricated using direct method. The samples were divided among three groups of 10 each. The angle between coronal segment and radicular segment of post in Group-I, Group-II, Group-III were 5°, 10°, and 15° respectively. The teeth samples were cemented with full veneer metal crown and tested under universal testing machine. The static load at the angle of 130° was applied until the fracture to record the fracture strength. The obtained data was statistically analysed with ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test.
Results: The Group-III showed the highest fracture strength with 666.15 N. The Group-II and Group-I recorded the mean fracture strength at 443.37 N, and 276.74 N respectively.
Conclusion: The endodontic post with higher angle between the long axis of facial surface and radicular segment long axis had the positive correlation to the fracture strength in ETT.