Effect of Crown Angulation of Maxillary Incisor on Effective Arch Perimeter ZC92-ZC96
Dr. Megha Jain,
Reader, Department of Orthodontics, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Sundra,
Rajnandgaon-491441, Chhattisgarh, India.
Introduction: It has been postulated that crown angulation and inclination has potential space implication within the arch. With the insight of space implication of the axial relations of teeth, cases of genuine tooth size discrepancies can be dealt with improved stability.
Aim: This in vitro study was designed to investigate and quantify the influence of angulation and inclination of maxillary incisors on the effective arch perimeter.
Materials and Methods: Acrylic teeth were arranged over typhodont frame with spaced maxillary anterior segment. Known value of tip and torque in increments were incorporated to maxillary incisors through bracket positioning and corresponding consumption of the interdental spaces were measured using coordinate measuring machine.
Results: Study revealed that increase in maxillary incisor crown angulation by 1o results in consumption of approximately 0.012 mm of arch perimeter. Similarly, there is a consumption of 0.021 mm of arch perimeter with each degree increase in labial crown inclination.
Conclusion: The knowledge of the space implication can be included in the space analysis during the orthodontic treatment planning. Depending upon the amount of space discrepancy, an accurate degree of required alteration in the axial relation of one or more teeth can be planned.