Effect of 5% Chlorine Dioxide Irrigant on Micro Push Out Bond Strength of Resin Sealer to Radicular Dentin: An In Vitro Study ZC49-ZC53
Dr. Rejitha R Kamalasanan,
Post Graduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics,
Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences/Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences,
Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru-560078, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) has been recently investigated as a possible root canal irrigant due to its broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, tissue dissolution and smear layer removal properties. Literature is scarce on the effect of chlorine dioxide irrigation on the resin sealer dentin bond strength.
Aim: To compare 5% chlorine dioxide (ClO2) with or without Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) with 3% Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and EDTA combination as endodontic irrigants on the adhesion of AH Plus sealer to radicular dentin using micro- Push out Bond Strength (µPBS) test.
Materials and Methods: Forty freshly extracted central incisors were decoronated and randomly divided into four groups based on the different irrigation regimes followed during irrigation: Group I - 3% NaOCl + 17% EDTA, Group II - 5% ClO2 + 17% EDTA, Group III - 5% ClO2 and Group IV – Saline, and canal enlarged till Protaper F3. All the samples were obturated with F3 gutta-percha cones using AH Plus sealer and sectioned perpendicular to long axis to obtain 1mm thick slices from the middle and coronal portions for µPBS measurement in universal testing machine followed by assessment of failure pattern under stereomicroscope. Data was analysed using One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni and t-test.
Results: Bond strength values were in the following order: Group I>Group II>Group III>Group IV, with no statistically significant difference amongst experimental groups on intergroup comparison, except with saline. The µPBS values were more in coronal third than middle third in all specimens, with no statistical significant difference. Mode of failure showed mixed patterns in all experimental groups except saline.
Conclusion: In the present study, the bond strength values of ClO2 were comparable with conventional NaOCl and EDTA combination and hence, ClO2 can be considered as an effective alternative endodontic irrigant.