Risk Factors and Incidence of Puerperal Genital Haematomas QC01-QC03
Dr. Shikha Rani,
Junior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh-160030, India.
Introduction: Puerperal genital haematomas although an uncommon entity but is elusive. This painful condition is not only distressing and dangerous to patient but is embarrassing to the obstetrician who has conducted the delivery.
Aim: This study has been planned to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for puerperal genital haematomas.
Materials and Methods: A case control study was done from August 2005 to August 2015, of all puerperal genital haematomas. All patients, who had undergone drainage for the puerperal genital haematoma, were enrolled as cases. Two controls were chosen for each case, who had delivered immediately after the case. All the patients were evaluated for the characteristics of haematoma and the management of the same. Cases and controls were compared for the evaluation of risk factors for puerperal genital haematoma.
Results: During the study period 27,826 vaginal deliveries were performed in our institute. Thirty nine haematomas were drained during this period. Incidence of haematomas was one in 1,113 deliveries, in our institute. Among the puerperal haematomas, vulvovaginal was the most common type. Perineal pain is the most common complaint. To evaluate the risk factors, 77 controls were enrolled. Primigravida, hypertensive disease of pregnancy and coagulopathy were the significant risk factors with p-value of <0.01, 0.01 and 0.03 respectively. Episiotomy too was a risk factor with a p-value of 0.002.
Conclusion: Primigravida, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, coagulopathy and episiotomy are still the most common risk factors.