Reinforcement of Aluminum Oxide Filler on the Flexural Strength of Different Types of Denture Base Resins: An In vitro Study ZC101-ZC104
Dr. Rohit I Dhole,
Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital,
Sangli-416416, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction:Acrylic resins have been used extensively for the fabrication of denture bases because of their aesthetic qualities, ease of manipulation and repairability. Flexural fatigue of the denture base has been shown to be a factor in the clinical failure of polymethyl methacrylate resin dentures. Also, the fracture can result from impact, fatigue or degradation of the base material. Hence, there is a need to increase the strength of denture base resins.
Aim: To evaluate the effect of reinforcing alumina oxide filler on the flexural strength of different acrylic resins.
Materials and Methods: A total of 180 acrylic specimens were fabricated, which were divided into three groups self cure acrylic resin (SC), conventional heat cure resin (HC) and high strength heat cure resin (HI). Each group was divided into four subgroups i.e., control group and the specimens of the remaining three groups were reinforced with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) powder by 5%, 10% and 15% by weight. Specimens were stored in distilled water for one week; flexural strength was tested by universal testing machine. Results were analysed by one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey paired group comparison tests.
Results: Flexural strength of SC increased by 9%, 13% and 19%, Flexural strength of HC increased by 8%, 15% and 19% and that of HI increased by 21%, 26% and 29% compared to control group by adding 5%,10% and 15% of alumina filler (p-value <0.001). Addition of 15% of alumina powder to SC showed high flexure strength compared to control group of HC (p-value <0.001). Addition of 10% and 15% of alumina powder to HC showed high flexural strength compared to control group of HI (p-value <0.001).
Conclusion: Addition of alumina to self cure acrylic resin, conventional heat cure acrylic resin and high strength heat cure acrylic resin increased the flexural strength. Increasing the flexural strength of the acrylic resin base material could lead to more clinical success.