Study of Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Using Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography NC05-NC09
Dr. Renu Dhasmana,
Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University,
Swami Rama Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand-248140, India.
Introduction: Diabetic retina undergoes degenerative changes in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in addition to vascular changes. Loss of RNFL with changes in inner retina and their association with metabolic control have been studied with varied results in diabetic patients.
Aim: To compare the RNFL thickness between diabetic patients and age matched healthy controls and to correlate the thickness to metabolic control.
Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty five patients were enrolled in the study out of which 50 served as controls, 58 patients were diabetic without retinopathy and 57 patients had diabetic retinopathy. Both eyes of all patients underwent optical coherence tomography scans for RNFL and ganglion cell complex. Foveal and parafoveal thickness were also measured. All the parameters were compared to patient’s metabolic control.
Results: RNFL thinning was observed in superotemporal (p-value = 0.001) and upper nasal sectors (p-value = 0.031) around the optic disc in eyes with diabetic retinopathy. Ganglion cell complex also showed statistically significant thinning in diabetic patients. Creatinine levels showed a weak negative correlation to the RNFL.
Conclusion: This study positively concluded that neurodegeneration in an early component of diabetic retinopathy.