A Study on the Correlation of Pertrochanteric Osteoporotic Fracture Severity with the Severity of Osteoporosis RC09-RC11
Dr. Prabhnoor Singh Hayer,
Hayer Farms, Ladwa Road, Shahabad Markanda, Kurukshetra, Haryana-136135, India.
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease caused by progressive bone loss. It is characterized by low Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and structural deterioration of bone tissue leading to bone fragility and increased risk of fractures. When classifying a fracture, high reliability and validity are crucial for successful treatment. Furthermore, a classification system should include severity, method of treatment, and prognosis for any given fracture. Since it is known that treatment significantly influences prognosis, a classification system claiming to include both would be desirable. Since there is no such classification system, which includes both the fracture type and the osteoporosis severity, we tried to find a correlation between fracture severity and osteoporosis severity.
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the AO/ASIF fracture classification system, which indicates the severity of fractures, has any relationship with the bone mineral status in patients with primary osteoporosis. We hypothesized that fracture severity and severity of osteoporosis should show some correlation. Materials and Methods: An observational analytical study was conducted over a period of one year during which 49 patients were included in the study at HIMS, SRH University, Dehradun. The osteoporosis status of all the included patients with a pertrochanteric fracture was documented using a DEXA scan and T-Score (BMD) was calculated. All patients had a trivial trauma. All the fractures were classified as per AO/ASIF classification. Pearson Correlation between BMD and fracture type was calculated. Statistical
Analysis used: Data was entered on Microsoft Office Excel version 2007 and Interpretation and analysis of obtained data was done using summary statistics. Pearson Correlation between BMD and fracture type was calculated using the SPSS software version 22.0.
Results: The average age of the patients included in the study was 71.2 years and the average bone mineral density was -4.9.The correlation between BMD and fracture type was calculated and the r–values obtained was 0.180, which showed low a correlation and p-value was 0.215, which was insignificant.
Conclusion: Statistically the pertrochanteric fracture configuration as per AO Classification does not correlate with the osteoporosis severity of the patient.