Antisynthetase Syndrome: A Rare Cause for ILD OD08-OD09
Dr. HJ Gayathri Devi,
Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore – 560 054, India.
Anti-Synthetase Syndrome (ASS) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), inflammatory myositis, fever, Raynaud’s phenomenon, mechanics hand, and inflammatory polyarthritis in the setting of antibodies against amino acyl-transfer RNA synthetases, with anti-Jo-1 antibody being the most common. It can sometimes present as interstitial lung disease without any other expression of the syndrome. Clinical and radiological features can be similar to atypical pneumonia and could be a challenge to diagnose at an early stage. Prognosis is generally poor, especially when there is associated ILD and delay in diagnosis can lead to increase in morbidity due to progression of pulmonary involvement. We report a patient of ASS presenting with ILD, diagnosed early and treated successfully with immunosupression.